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Applications of technology to the hotel industry, including: AI (artificial intelligence), voice commands, chat bots, are being widely discussed and debated. In an exclusive interview with Macy Marvel at this year’s IHIF (International Hotel Investment Forum) held in Berlin on 6-8 March, Arthur Chapin, Chief Products Officer for Brand Expedia Group, outlined his vision about how technology will transform the hotel sector in the coming years. Hotels have become the core business of Expedia, generating the great majority of the company’s commissions. For Arthur Chapin, the approach to implementing technological solutions in hotels begins not with examining the various new gadgets, programmes, devices available in the market, but rather with a careful analysis of what customer needs are. For him, the focus should be on how to solve customers’ problems, or how to ease their ‘pain points’ in order to make their hotel experiences from searching and booking to check-out as seamless as possible. A simple, mundane example would be for hotels to provide phone charging plugs at bedside. Other examples include: online check-in and rooms selection, as well as mobile phone-based room keys. Chapin notes Steve Job’s definition of innovation which was for him all about ‘connecting the dots’, i.e. not some radical departure from current practice, but rather piecing together already existing elements to create something new, but useful.

Replacing the concierge

Arthur Chapin sees potential for harnessing augmented reality (technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user’s view of the real world, thus providing a composite view) to enhance the guest experience. For instance, through an app, guests, on arrival in a hotel property, could use their mobile phones to get a vision of what amenities are available in the neighbourhood, such as sightseeing landmarks, restaurants, or transport links. He sees the possibility of replacing –at least in part- the traditional services of a concierge. In fact, according to Chapin, many guests nowadays prefer to avoid human interaction for routine questions and tasks, e.g. checking-in or out or enquiring about where to eat in the vicinity of the hotel. This is apparently particularly true of the younger millennial cohort. Chapin notes that, according to a recent study, 80% of consumers less than 35 years of age don’t seek out human interaction for routine tasks, such as ordering fast-food.

Voice is coming to hotels

Chapin notes that Amazon’s Alexa with its voice interaction capabilities was already launched in 2014. He believes that voice applications will soon be part of the hotel guest experience. For instance, voice commands or questions from guests could be transmitted to hotel staff either via their mobiles devices or a dedicated apparatus in the room. Such a system would also avoid the need for guests to address a human being directly.

A culture of ‘failure acceptance’ is necessary

Regarding investments in technology Chapin notes that 80% of what a hotel or chain does is likely to fail initially. What is important is to learn from such mistakes, which requires a corporate culture that is accepting of failure as a learning experience. Nevertheless, initial investments must be small scale in financial terms, which allows the hotelier to experiment before making a major commitment to an investment programme. The trick is to identify what works and then to “double-down or triple-down” on that approach, notes Chapin.

Why do Orbitz and Travelocity still exist?

Expedia acquired Orbitz and Travelocity, as well as the Australian platform Wotif, over the last 3 years or so. Since they all basically offer the same services as the mainstream Expedia site, the question could legitimately be asked as to why they continue to be maintained as separate platforms. According to Chapin, they will continue to exist as separate websites since they each serve distinct customer segments. For instance, Wotif continues to be specialised in domestic travel in Australia. Otherwise, Orbitz has its own distinct loyalty programme, Orbitz Rewards, which allows customers to earn Orbucks that have a purchasing value of 1 Orbuck = US$1. In addition, those who book on the Orbitz app can get a 5% on 200,000+ hotels worldwide.




Macy Marvel Journalist focused on the area of hospitality and tourism

Macy Marvel has extensive professional experience in the financial sector. Macy was professor of finance and economics at the Ecole hôtelière de Lausanne for 20 years and is a Geneva-based journalist focused on the area of hospitality and tourism. Prior to that, he spent eight years as an investment strategist and financial analyst for two Geneva private banks. He has also held the positions of financial analyst at Digital Equipment Corporation, auditor at the Geneva offices of PriceWaterhouseCoopers and securities analyst at The Value Line Survey in New York. He has also carried out numerous hotel property valuations and feasibility studies and is a frequent presenter and moderator at international hospitality and tourism conferences.  He holds an MBA from the University of Toronto, an MA from the London School of Economics and a BA from the University of Pennsylvania.